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Applications


Conefor and/or the new IIC and PC metrics have been used in a large number and variety of applications, such as decision-making support in conservation and management plans, scientific research on the effects of connectivity on different ecological processes, and official reports on biodiversity indicators and protected area connectivity assessments by the European Commission, the European Environmental Agency and the United Nations Environment Programme, among others.

The following map shows the approximate location of the different case studies that have applied Conefor and the new connectivity metrics there implemented. Click on the icons in the map for a reference and/or link with further details for each study. A larger version of this map is available here. The list of publications where these applications have been reported is included below.

Applications published as articles in international peer-reviewed scientific journals (Journal Citation Reports):

  • Craven et al. 2016. Evaluating resilience of tree communities in fragmented landscapes: linking functional response diversity with landscape connectivity. Diversity and Distributions (in press).
  • Santini, L., Saura, S., Rondinini, C. 2016. Connectivity of the global network of protected areas. Diversity and Distributions 22: 199–211.
  • Kang et al. 2016. Predicting impacts of climate change on habitat connectivity of Kalopanax septemlobus in South Korea. Acta Oecologica 71: 31–38.
  • Wang et al. 2016. Conservation priorities of forest ecosystems with evaluations of connectivity and future threats: Implications in the Eastern Himalaya of China. Biological Conservation 195: 128–135.
  • Espinoza et al. 2015. Contrasting movements and connectivity of reef-associated sharks using acoustic telemetry: implications for management. Ecological Applications 25: 2101–2118.
  • Clauzel et al. 2015. Assessing the impact of road developments on connectivity across multiple scales: Application to Yunnan snub-nosed monkey conservation. Biological Conservation 192: 207–217.
  • Fernandes, I., Penha, J., Zuanon, J. 2015. Size-dependent response of tropical wetland fish communities to changes in vegetation cover and habitat connectivity. Landscape Ecology (in press).
  • Giannini, T.C., Tambosi, L.R., Acosta, A.L., Jaffé, R., Saraiva, A.M., Imperatriz-Fonseca V.L., Metzger, J.P. 2015. Safeguarding ecosystem services: a methodological framework to buffer the joint effect of habitat configuration and climate change. PLoS ONE 10(6): e0129225.
  • Maiorano, L., Amori, G., Montemaggiori, A., Rondinini, C., Santini, L., Saura, S., Boitani, L. 2015. On how much biodiversity is covered in Europe by national protected areas and by the Natura 2000 network: insights from terrestrial vertebrates. Conservation Biology (in press). DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12535.
  • Rappaport, D.I., Tambosi, L.R., Metzger, J.P. 2015. A landscape triage approach: combining spatial and temporal dynamics to prioritize restoration and conservation. Journal of Applied Ecology 52: 590-601.
  • Frazier, A.E., Bagchi-Sen, S. 2015. Developing open space networks in shrinking cities. Applied Geography 59: 1-9.
  • Segurado, P., Branco, P., Avelar, A.P., Ferreira, M.T. 2015. Historical changes in the functional connectivity of rivers based on spatial network analysis and the past occurrences of diadromous species in Portugal. Aquatic Sciences 77: 427-440.
  • Tittler, R., Filotas, E., Kroese, J., Messier,C. 2015. Maximizing conservation and production with intensive forest management: it’s all about location. Environmental Management (in press).
  • Pérez-Hernández, C.G., Vergara, P.M., Saura, S., Hernández, J. 2015. Do corridors promote connectivity for bird-dispersed trees? The case of Persea lingue in Chilean fragmented landscapes. Landscape Ecology 30: 77-90.
  • Loro, M., Ortega, E., Arce, R.M., Geneletti, D. 2015. Ecological connectivity analysis to reduce the barrier effect of roads: an innovative graph-theory approach to define wildlife corridors with multiple paths and without bottlenecks. Landscape and Urban Planning 13: 149-162.
  • Merken, R., Deboelpaep, E., Teunen, J., Saura, S., Koedam N. 2015. Wetland suitability and connectivity for trans-Saharan migratory waterbirds. PLoS ONE 10(8): e0135445.
  • Goulart, F., Takahashi, F.S.C., Rodrigues, M., Machado, R.B., Soares-Filho, B. 2015. Where matrix quality most matters? Using connectivity models to assess effectiveness of matrix conversion in the Atlantic Forest. Natureza & Conservaçao (in press).
  • Crouzeilles, R., Beyer, H.L., Mills, M., Grelle, C.E.V., Possingham, H.P. 2015. Incorporating habitat availability into systematic planning for restoration: a species-specific approach for Atlantic Forest mammals. Diversity and Distributions (in press). DOI: 10.1111/ddi.12349.
  • Rubio, L., Bodin, Ö, Brotons, L. & Saura, S. 2015. Connectivity conservation priorities for individual patches evaluated in the present landscape: how durable and effective are they in the long term? Ecography 38: 782-791.
  • Fajardo, J., Lessmann, J., Bonaccorso, E., Devenish, C., Muñoz, J. 2014. Combined use of systematic conservation planning, species distribution modelling, and connectivity analysis reveals severe conservation gaps in a megadiverse country (Peru). PLoS ONE 9(12): e114367. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0114367.
  • Zhang, H., Gorelick, S.M. 2014. Coupled impacts of sea-level rise and tidal marsh restoration on endangered California clapper rail. Biological Conservation 172: 89-100.
  • Mueller, T., Lenz, J., Caprano, T., Fiedler, W., Böhning-Gaese, K. 2014. Large frugivorous birds facilitate functional connectivity of fragmented landscapes. Journal of Applied Ecology 51: 684-692.
  • Rodríguez-Pérez, J., García, D., Martínez, D. 2014. Spatial networks of fleshy-fruited trees drive the flow of avian seed dispersal through a landscape. Functional Ecology 28: 990-998.
  • Nogués, S., Cabarga-Varona, A. 2014. Modelling land use changes for landscape connectivity: The role of plantation forestry and highways. Journal for Nature Conservation 22: 504-515.
  • Aavik, T., Holderegger, R., Bolliger, J. 2014. The structural and functional connectivity of the grassland plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. Heredity 112: 471 - 478.
  • Van Looy, K., Tormos, T., Souchon, Y. 2014. Disentangling dam impacts in river networks. Ecological Indicators 37: 10-20.
  • O'Farrill, G., Schampaert, K.G., Rayfield, B., Bodin, Ö., Calmé, S., Sengupta, R., Gonzalez, A. 2014. The potential connectivity of waterhole networks and the effectiveness of a protected area under various drought scenarios. Plos ONE 9 (5), art. no. e95049.
  • Ishiyama, N., Akasaka, T., Nakamura, F. 2014. Mobility-dependent response of aquatic animal species richness to a wetland network in an agricultural landscape. Aquatic Sciences 76:437–449.
  • Cabral, J.S., Weigelt, P., Kissling, W.D., Kreft, H. 2014. Biogeographic, climatic and spatial drivers differentially affect alpha-, beta- and gamma-diversities on oceanic archipelagos. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 281: 20133246.
  • Hernández, A., Miranda, M., Arellano, E., Saura, S., Ovalle, C. 2015. Landscape dynamics and their effect on the functional connectivity of a Mediterranean landscape in Chile. Ecological Indicators 48: 198-206.
  • Serret, H., Raymond, R., Foltête, J.C., Clergeau, P., Simon, L., Nathalie Machon, N. 2014. Potential contributions of green spaces at business sites to the ecological network in an urban agglomeration: the case of the Ile-de-France region, France. Landscape and Urban Planning 131: 27–35.
  • Ziólkowska, E., Ostapowicz, K., Radeloff, V.C, Kuemmerle, T. 2014. Effects of different matrix representations and connectivity measures on habitat network assessments. Landscape Ecology 29: 1551-1570.
  • Clauzel, C., Bannwarth, C., Foltete, J.C. 2015. Integrating regional-scale connectivity in habitat restoration: an application for amphibian conservation in eastern France. Journal for Nature Conservation 23: 98-107.
  • Correa, C.A., Mendoza, M.E., Pérez, D.R., López, E. 2014. Identifying potential conservation areas in the Cuitzeo Lake basin, Mexico by multitemporal analysis of landscape connectivity. Journal for Nature Conservation 22: 424–435.
  • Fourie, L., Rougiet, M., Lötter, M. 2015. Landscape connectivity of the grassland biome in Mpumalanga, South Africa. Austral Ecology 40: 67-76.
  • Zhao, H., Liu, S., Dong, S., Su, X., Liu, Q., Deng, L. 2014. Characterizing the importance of habitat patches in maintaining landscape connectivity for Tibetan antelope in the Altun Mountain National Nature Reserve, China. Ecological Research 29: 1065-1075.
  • Liu, S., Dong, Y., Deng, L., Liu, Q., Zhao, H., Dong, S. 2014. Forest fragmentation and landscape connectivity change associated with road network extension and city expansion: A case study in the Lancang River Valley. Ecological Indicators 36: 160-168.
  • Crouzeilles, R., Prevedello, J.A., Figueiredo, M.S.L., Lorini, M.L., Grelle, C.E.V. 2014. The effects of the number, size and isolation of patches along a gradient of native vegetation cover: how can we increment habitat availability? Landscape Ecology 29: 479-489.
  • Teixeira, T., Weber, M.M., Dias, D. Lorini, M.L., Esbérard, C.E., Novaes, R.L.M., Cerqueira, R., Vale, M.M. 2014. Combining environmental suitability and habitat connectivity to maprare or Data Deficient species in the Tropics. Journal for Nature Conservation 22: 384–390.
  • Van Looy, K., Piffady, J., Cavillon, C., Tormos, Landry, P., Souchon, Y. 2014. Integrated modelling of functional and structural connectivity of river corridors for European otter recovery. Ecological Modelling 273: 228-235.
  • Ernst, B.W. 2014. Quantifying connectivity using graph based connectivity response curves in complex landscapes under simulated forest management scenarios. Forest Ecology and Management 321: 94-104.
  • Liu, S., Deng, L., Dong, S., Zhao, Q., Yang, J., Wang, C. 2014. Landscape connectivity dynamics based on network analysis in the Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve, China. Acta Oecologica 55: 66-77.
  • Blázquez-Cabrera, S., Bodin, Ö, Saura, S. 2014. Indicators of the impacts of habitat loss on connectivity and related conservation priorities: do they change when habitat patches are defined at different scales? Ecological Indicators 45: 704-716.
  • Foltête, J.C., Girardet, X., Clauzel, C. 2014. A methodological framework for the use of landscape graphs in land-use planning. Landscape and Urban Planning 124: 140-150.
  • Harris, K.M., Dickinson, K.J.M., Whigham, P.A. 2014. Functional connectivity and matrix quality: network analysis for a critically endangered New Zealand lizard. Landscape Ecology 29: 41-53.
  • Ernst, B.W. 2014. Quantifying landscape connectivity through the use of connectivity response curves. Landscape Ecology 29: 963-978.
  • Tambosi, L.R., Martensen, A.C., Ribeiro, M.C., Metzger, J.P. 2014. A framework to optimize biodiversity restoration efforts based on habitat amount and landscape connectivity. Restoration Ecology 22: 169-177.
  • Ai, B., Liu, X., Hu, G., Li, X. 2014. Improved sub-pixel mapping method coupling spatial dependence with directivity and connectivity. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing 99: 2313978.
  • Bergsten, A., Bodin, Ö., Ecke, F. 2013. Protected areas in a landscape dominated by logging – A connectivity analysis that integrates varying protection levels with competition–colonization tradeoffs. Biological Conservation 160: 279–288.
  • Mubareka, S., Estreguil, C., Baranzelli, C., Rocha Gomes, C., Lavalle, C., Hofer, B. 2013. A land-use-based modelling chain to assess the impacts of Natural Water Retention Measures on Europe’s Green Infrastructure. International Journal of Geographical Information Science 27: 1740-1763.
  • Mazaris, A.D., Papanikolaou, A.D., Barbet-Massin, M., Kallimanis, A.S., Jiguet, F., et al. 2013. Evaluating the connectivity of a protected areas' network under the prism of global change: the efficiency of the European Natura 2000 network for four birds of prey. PLoS ONE 8(3): e59640.
  • Trainor, A.M., Walters, J.R., Urban, D.L., Moody, A. 2013. Evaluating the effectiveness of a Safe Harbor Program for connecting wildlife populations. Animal Conservation 16: 610-620.
  • Segurado, P., Branco, P., Ferreira, M.T. 2013. Prioritizing restoration of structural connectivity in rivers: a graph based approach. Landscape Ecology 28: 1231-1238.
  • Magnusson, M., Bergsten, A., Ecke, F., Bodin, Ö, Bodin, L., Hörnfeldt, B. 2013. Predicting grey-sided vole occurrence in northern Sweden at multiple spatial scales. Ecology and Evolution 3: 4365-4376.
  • Tambosi, L., Metzger, J.P. 2014. A framework for setting local restoration priorities based on landscape context. Natureza & Conservação 11: 152-157.
  • Neto, T., Constantino, M., Martins, I., Pedroso, J.P. 2013. A branch-and-bound procedure for forest harvest scheduling problems addressing aspects of habitat availability. International Transactions in Operational Research 20: 689–709.
  • Cheveau, M., Imbeau, L., Drapeau, P., Belanger, L. 2013. Marten space use and habitat selection in managed coniferous boreal forests of Eastern Canada. Journal of Wildlife Management 77: 749-760.
  • Vergara, P.M., Pérez-Hernández, C.G., Hahn, I.J., Soto, G.E. 2013. Deforestation in central Chile causes a rapid decline in landscape connectivity for a forest specialist bird species. Ecological Research 28: 481-492.
  • Martín-Martín, C., Bunce, R., Saura, S., Elena-Rosselló. R. 2013. Changes and interactions between forest landscape connectivity and burnt area in Spain. Ecological Indicators 33: 129-138.
  • Reza M.I.H. Abdullaha,S.A., Norc, S.B.M., Ismaild, M.H. 2013. Integrating GIS and expert judgment in a multi-criteria analysis tomap and develop a habitat suitability index: A case study of large mammals on the Malayan Peninsula. Ecological Indicators 34: 149–158.
  • Kang, S., Choi, W. 2014. Forest cover changes in North Korea since the 1980s. Regional Environmental Change 1: 347-354.
  • Khalyani, A.H., Mayer, A.L. 2013. Spatial and temporal deforestation dynamics of Zagros forests (Iran) from 1972 to 2009. Landscape and Urban Planning 117: 1– 12.
  • Van Looy, K., Cavillon, C., Tormos, T., Piffady, J., Landry, P., Souchon, Y. 2013. A scale-sensitive connectivity analysis to identify ecological networks and conservation value in river networks. Landscape Ecology 28: 1239-1249.
  • Martín-Queller, E., Saura, S. 2013. Landscape species pools and connectivity patterns influence tree species richness in both managed and unmanaged stands. Forest Ecology and Management 289: 123-132.
  • Crouzeilles, R., Lorini, M.L., Grelle, C.E.V. 2013. The importance of using sustainable use protected areas for functional connectivity. Biological Conservation 159: 450-457.
  • Shanthala Devi, B.S., Murthy, M.S.R., Debnath, B., Jha, C.S. 2013. Forest patch connectivity diagnostics and prioritization using graph theory. Ecological Modelling 251: 279-287.
  • Gil-Tena, A., Brotons, L., Fortin, M.-J., Burel, F., Saura, S. 2013. Assessing the role of landscape connectivity in recent woodpecker range expansion in Mediterranean Europe: forest management implications. European Journal of Forest Research 132: 181-194.
  • Ng, C.N., Xie, Y.J., Yu, X.J. 2013. Integrating landscape connectivity into the evaluation of ecosystem services for biodiversity conservation and its implications for landscape planning. Applied Geography 42: 1-12.
  • Gurrutxaga, M., Saura, S. 2014. Prioritizing highway defragmentation locations for restoring landscape connectivity. Environmental Conservation 41: 157-164.
  • Awade, M., Boscolo, D., Metzger, J.P. 2012. Using binary and probabilistic habitat availability indices derived from graph theory to model bird occurrence in fragmented forests. Landscape Ecology 27: 185-198.
  • Piquer-Rodríguez, M., Kuemmerle, T., Alcaraz-Segura, D., Zurita-Milla, R., Cabello, J. 2012. Future land use effects on the connectivity of protected area networks in southeastern Spain. Journal for Nature Conservation 20: 326-336.
  • Ziólkowska, E., Ostapowicz, K., Kuemmerle, T., Perzanowski, K., Radeloff, V.C., Kozak, J. 2012. Potential habitat connectivity of European bison (Bison bonasus) in the Carpathians. Biological Conservation 146: 188-196.
  • Szabó, S., Novák, T., Elek, Z. 2012. Distance models in ecological network management: a case study of patch connectivity in a grassland network. Journal for Nature Conservation 20: 293-300.
  • Scolozzi, R., Geneletti, D. 2012. Assessing habitat connectivity for land-use planning: a method integrating landscape graphs and Delphi survey. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 55: 813-830.
  • Gil-Tena, A., Lecerf, R., Ernoult, A. 2013. Disentangling community assemblages to depict an indicator of biological connectivity: a regional study of fragmented semi-natural grasslands. Ecological Indicators 24: 48-55.
  • Decout, S., Manel, S., Miaud, C., Luque, S. 2012. Integrative approach for landscape-based graph connectivity analysis: a case study with the common frog (Rana temporaria) in human-dominated landscapes. Landscape Ecology 27: 267-279.
  • Rubio, L., Rodríguez-Freire, M., Mateo-Sánchez, M.C., Estreguil, C., Saura, S. 2012. Sustaining forest landscape connectivity under different land cover change scenarios. Forest Systems 21: 223-235.
  • Zozaya, E., Brotons, L., Saura, S. 2012. Recent fire history and connectivity patterns determine bird species distribution dynamics in landscapes dominated by land abandonment. Landscape Ecology 27: 171-184.
  • Carranza, M.L., D'Alessandro, E., Saura, S., Loy, A. 2012. Connectivity providers for semi-aquatic vertebrates: the case of the endangered otter in Italy. Landscape Ecology 27: 281-290.
  • Tannier, C., Foltête, J.C., Girardet, X. 2012. Assessing the capacity of different urban forms to preserve the connectivity of ecological habitats. Landscape and Urban Planning 105: 128-139.
  • Rubio, L., Saura, S. 2012. Assessing the importance of individual habitat patches as irreplaceable connectivity providers: and analysis of simulated and real landscape data. Ecological Complexity 11: 28-37.
  • Zozaya, E., Brotons, L., Saura, S., Pons, P., Herrando, S. 2012. Connectivity determines post-fire colonization by open-habitat bird species: the case of the ortolan bunting Emberiza hortulana. Ardeola 59: 57-74.
  • Holvorcem, C.G., Tambosi, L.R., Ribeiro, M.C., Costa, S., Mesquita, C.A. 2011. Anchor areas to improve conservation and increase connectivity within the Brazilian “Mesopotamia of Biodiversity”. Natureza & Conservação 9: 225-231.
  • Saura, S., Vogt, P., Velázquez, J., Hernando, A., Tejera, R. 2011. Key structural connectors can be identified by combining landscape spatial pattern and network analyses. Forest Ecology and Management 262: 150-160.
  • Pereira, M., Segurado, P, Neves, N. 2011. Using spatial network structure in landscape management and planning: a case study with pond turtles. Landscape and Urban Planning 100: 67-76.
  • Rippa, D., Maselli, V., Soppelsa, O., Fulgione, D. 2011. The impact of agro-pastoral abandonment on the Rock Partridge Alectoris graeca in the Appenines. Ibis 153: 721-734.
  • García-Feced, C., Saura, S., Elena-Rosselló, E. 2011. Improving landscape connectivity in forest districts: a two-stage process for prioritiziting agricultural patches for conservation. Forest Ecology and Management 261: 154-161.
  • Ribeiro, R., Carretero, M.A, Sillero, N., Alarcos, G., Ortiz-Santaliestra, M.,Lizana, M., Llorente, G.A. 2011. The pond network: can structural connectivity reflect on (amphibian) biodiversity patterns? Landscape Ecology 26: 673-682.
  • Zeigler, S.L., Neel, M.C., Oliveira, L., Raboy, B.R., Fagan, W.F. 2011. Conspecific and heterospecific attraction in assesssments of functional connectivity. Biodiversity and Conservation 20: 2779-2796.
  • Mitsova, D., Shuster, W., Wang, X. 2011. A cellular automata model of land cover change to integrate urban growth with open space conservation. Landscape and Urban Planning 99: 141-153.
  • Morzillo, A.T., Ferrari, J.R., Liu, J. 2011. An integration of habitat evaluation, individual based modeling, and graph theory for a potential black bear population recovery in southeastern Texas, USA. Landscape Ecology 26: 69-81.
  • Gurrutxaga, M., Rubio, L., Saura S. 2011. Key connectors in protected area networks and the impact of highways: a transnational case study from the Cantabrian Range to the Western Alps. Landscape and Urban Planning 101: 310-320.
  • Laita, A., Kotiaho, J.S., Mönkkönnen, M. 2011. Graph-theoretic connectivity measures: what do they tell us about connectivity? Landscape Ecology 26: 951-967.
  • Erös, T., Schmera, D., Schick, R.S. 2011. Network thinking in riverscape conservation: a graph-based approach. Biological Conservation 144: 184-192.
  • Baranyi, G., Saura, S., Podani, J., Jordán, F. 2011. Contribution of habitat patches to network connectivity: redundancy and uniqueness of topological indices. Ecological Indicators 11: 1301-1310.
  • Smith, M.J., Betts, M.G., Forbes, G.J., Kehler, D.G., Bourgeois, M.C., Flemming, S.P. 2011. Independent effects of connectivity predict homing success by northern squirrel in a forest mosaic. Landscape Ecology 26: 709-721.
  • Saura, S., Estreguil, C., Mouton, C., Rodríguez-Freire, M. 2011. Network analysis to assess landscape connectivity trends: application to European forests (1990-2000). Ecological Indicators 11: 407-416.
  • Suzart, F., Teixeira, M.J., Gálvez-Bravo, L., Cayuela, L., Rueda, M., Rey-Benayas, J.M. 2011. Identification of critical areas for mammal conservation in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest Biosphere Reserve. Natureza & Conservação 9: 73-78.
  • Laita, A., Mönkkönnen, M., Kotiaho, J.S. 2010. Woodland key habitats evaluated as part of a functional reserve network. Biological Conservation 143: 1212-1227.
  • Vergara, P.M., Smith, C., DelPiano, C.A., Orellana, I., Gho, D., Vázquez, I. 2010. Frugivory on Persea lingue in temperate Chilean forests: interactions between fruit availability and habitat fragmentation across multiple scales. Oecologia 164: 981-991.
  • Bodin, Ö., Saura, S. 2010. Ranking habitat patches as connectivity providers: integrating network analysis and patch removal experiments. Ecological Modelling 221: 2393-2405.
  • Fu, W., Liu, S., DeGloria, S.D., Dong, S., Beazley, R. 2010. Characterizing the "fragmentation-barrier" effect of road networks on landscape connectivity: a case study in Xishuangbanna, Southwest China. Landscape and Urban Planning 83: 91-103.
  • Vergara, P.M., Hahn, I.J., Zeballos, H., Armesto, J.J. 2010. The importance of forest patch networks for the conservation of the Thorn-tailed Rayaditos in central Chile. Ecological Research 25: 683-690.
  • Visconti, P., Elkin, C. 2009. Using connectivity metrics in conservation planning - when does habitat quality matter? Diversity and Distributions 15: 602-612.
  • Perotto-Baldivieso, H., Meléndez, E., García, M.A., Leimgruber, P., Cooper, S.M., Martínez, A., Calle, P., Ramos, O., Quiñones, M., Christen, C., Pons, G. 2009. Spatial distribution, connectivity, and the influence of scale: habitat availability for the endangered Mona Island rock iguana. Biodiversity and Conservation 18: 905-917.
  • Neel, M.C. 2008. Patch connectivity and genetic diversity conservation in the federally endangered and narrowly endemic plant species Astragalus albens (Fabaceae). Biological Conservation 141: 938-955.
  • Pascual-Hortal, L., Saura, S. 2008. Integrating landscape connectivity in broad-scale forest planning through a new graph-based habitat availability methodology: application to capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus) in Catalonia (NE Spain). European Journal of Forest Research 127: 23-31.
  • Saura, S., Pascual-Hortal, L. 2007. A new habitat availability index to integrate connectivity in landscape conservation planning: comparison with existing indices and application to a case study. Landscape and Urban Planning 83: 91-103.

Applications published as book chapters and PhD thesis:

  • Tambosi, L. 2014. Estratégias espaciais baseadas em ecologia de paisagens para a otimização dos esforços de restaruação. Doctoral thesis, Universidade de São Paulo (Brazil). Available here.
  • Zeller, K.A, Rabinowitz, A., Salom-Perez, R., Quigley, H. 2013. The Jaguar Corridor Initiative: a range-wide conservation strategy. In: Ruiz-Garcia, M., Shostell, J.M. (eds), Molecular Population Genetics, Evolutionary Biology and Biological Conservation of Neotropical Carnivores. Nova Science Publishers. ISBN 978-1-62417-071-3.
  • Iglesias-Merchán, C., Díaz-Varela, E., Cuenca-Lozano, J. 2013. Conectividad ecológica e infraestructuras lineales: el caso histórico del Parque Natural de Despeñaperros. In: Planificación Espacial y Conectividad Ecológica: Los Corredores Ecológicos. Instituto Universitario de Urbanística, Universidad de Valladolid, Spain, pp. 241-268. ISBN: 978-84-8448-736-4.
  • Tambosi, L.R., Silva, M.M.,Rodrigues, R.R. 2012. Adequação ambiental de propriedades rurais e priorização da restauração florestal para otimizar o ganho de conectividade da paisagem. In: Adriana Paese, Alexandre Uezu, Maria Lucia Lorini, André Cunha (Orgs.). Conservação da Biodiversidade com SIG. Editora Oficina de Textos, São Paulo. pp. 24-39.
  • Zetterberg, A. 2011. Connecting the dots: network analysis, landscape ecology and practical application. Doctoral thesis, Royal Institute of Technology (Sweden). Available here.
  • Bittner, T. 2011. Climate change impacts on habitats and biodiversity: from environmental envelope modelling to nature conservation strategies. Doctoral thesis, University of Bayreuth (Germany). Available here.
  • Knick, S.T., Hanser, S.E. 2011. Connecting pattern and process in Greater Sage-Grouse populations and sagebrush landscapes. In: Ecology and Conservation of Greater Sage-Grouse: a Landscape Species and Its Habitats. Studies in Avian Biology, Cooper Ornithological Society scientific series, University of California Press.
  • Saura, S., Pascual-Hortal, L., Brotons, L. Rubio, L. 2011. Integración de la conectividad ecológica en la gestión del hábitat del urogallo: herramienta metodológica y ejemplo de aplicación. In: Canut, J., García-Ferré, D., Afonso, I. (Eds.), Manual de Conservación y Manejo del Hábitat del Urogallo Pirenaico. pp. 145-171. Serie de Manuales de Gestión de Especies Amenazadas. Ministerio Medio Ambiente y Medio Rural y Marino, Madrid, Spain. ISBN: 978-90-481-3232-4.
  • Saura, S. 2008. Evaluating forest landscape connectivity through Conefor Sensinode 2.2 software. In: Lafortezza, R., Chen, J., Sanesi, G., Crow, T.R. (Eds.), Patterns and Processes in Forest Landscapes: Multiple Use and Sustainable Management. pp. 403-422. Springer. ISBN: 978-1-4020-8503-1.

Applications published as articles in other international and national peer-reviewed journals:

  • Shanthala Devi B. S., Murthy, M. S. R., Debnath Bijan, C. S. J. 2016. Identification of potential habitat patches for connectivity using weighted linear combination (WLC) and Integral Index of Connectivity (IIC) at East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing (in press).
  • García, M., López, J., Ramírez, M. 2015. Regeneración natural de la vegetación como base para el desarrollo de estrategias de restauración ecológica en tres biotopos protegidos en la Reserva de Biosfera Maya, Guatemala. Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud 2: 53-64.
  • Xun, B., Yu, D., Liu, Y. 2014. Habitat connectivity analysis for conservation implications in an urban area. Acta Ecologica Sinica 34: 44-52.
  • Aguilar, Y., Fernández, M.M, Barrera, L., Rodríguez, S., Sánchez, M.L., Martínez, D. 2014. Impacto de las unidades de selva manejada tradicionalmente en la conectividad del paisaje de la Sierra de Los Tuxtlas, México. Revista de Biología Tropical 62: 1099-1109.
  • Liu, S., Deng, L., Chen, L., Li, J., Dong, S., Zhao, H. 2014. Landscape network approach to assess ecological impacts of road projects on biological conservation. Chinese Geographical Science 24: 5-14.
  • Wu, J., Zhang, L., Peng, J., Feng, Z., Liu, H., He, S. 2013. The integrated recognition of the source area of the urban ecological security pattern in Shenzhen. Acta Ecologica Sinica 33: 4125 - 4133.
  • Arancibia-Arce, L.R., Perotto-Baldivieso, H.L., Furlán, J.R., Castillo-García, M., Soria, L., Rivero-Guzmán, K. 2013. Evaluación espacial y temporal de fragmentación y conectividad para actividades ecoturísticas en un sitio RAMSAR: Los Bañados de Isoso (Santa Cruz, Bolivia). Ecología en Bolivia 48 (2): 87-103.
  • Hao, S., Mingrui, X., Yannan, X., Jianhui,X., Haijuan, L. 2013. Developing Integrated Methods to Construct Urban Potential Green Corridors: A Case Study of Changzhou City. Scientia Silvae Sinicae 49: 92-100.
  • Wu, J.S., Liu, H.M., Huang, X.L., Feng, Z. 2012. Dynamic evaluation on landscape connectivity of ecological land: A case study of Shenzhen, Guangdong Province of South China. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology 23 (9): 2543 - 2549.
  • Dempe, V.H., Bittner, T., Jaeschke, A., Beierkuhnlein, C. 2012. Potential effects of climate change on the coherence of protection area networks: concept for the Natura 2000 network in Germany. Naturschutz und Landschaftsplanung 44: 101-107.
  • Estreguil, C., Caudullo, G., Rigo, D., Whitmore, C., San-Miguel-Ayanz, J. 2012. Reporting on European forest fragmentation: standardized indices and Web Map Services. Earthzine (online, avaiable here).
  • Liu, S.L., Yang, J.J., An, C., Qiu, Y., Wang, J. 2012. Ecological effect of land consolidation: an assessment based on landscape connectivity. Chinese Journal of Ecology 31: 689-695.
  • Chen, J., Liang, G.F., Ding, S.Y. 2012. Landscape connectivity analysis for the forest landscape restoration: a case study of Gongyi City. Acta Ecologica Sinica 32(12): 3773-3781.
  • Guo, W., Yu, L., Sun, Y., Chen, P. 2012. Ecological network planning of urban green space in urban center of Shunde District, Foshan city, Guangdong Province of south China. Chinese Journal of Ecology 31 (4): 1022-1027.
  • García, M., Castillo, F., Leonardo, R. 2011. Evaluación preliminar de la conectividad de hábitat para el tapir centroamericano (Tapirus bairdii) en Guatemala. Tapir Conservation 20: 20-24.
  • Saura, S., González-Ávila, S., Elena-Rosselló, R. 2011. Evaluación de los cambios en la conectividad de los bosques: el índice del área conexa equivalente y su aplicación a los bosques de Castilla y León. Montes 106: 15-21.
  • Liu, C., Zhou, B., He, X., Chen, W. 2010. Selection of distance thresholds of urban forest landscape connectivity in Shenyang City. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology 21: 2508-2516.
  • D'Alessandro, E., Carranza, M.L., Saura, S., Loy, A., Paura, B. 2009. Riqualificazione territoriale e areale della lontra in Italia. Estimo e Territorio 12: 23-30.
  • Villavicencio, R., Saura, S., Santiago, A.L., Chávez, A. 2009. La conectividad forestal de las áreas protegidas del estado de Jalisco con otros ambientes naturales. Scientia CUCBA 110 (1-2): 43-50.
  • D'Alessandro, E., Carranza, M.L., Saura, S., Loy, A. 2009. Modello di rete ecologica per la lontra in Italia. Estimo e Territorio 4: 31-38.
  • Pascual-Hortal, L., Saura, S. 2008. Integración de la conectividad ecológica de los bosques en los instrumentos de planificación forestal a escala comarcal y regional: propuesta metodológica y nueva herramienta de decisión. Montes 94: 31-37.

Applications published as articles in conference proceedings or conference presentations:

  • Estreguil, C., Caudullo, G. 2013. Modelling the connectivity of Natura 2000 sites and their integration in the wider landscape. Proceedings of the GI Forum 2013, Salzburg, Austria, July 2013.
  • Rojo, E,, Diez, J.M., Pérez, I, Cornejo, R. 2013. Metodología de análisis de conectividad hidráulica para la ictiofauna en ríos mediante Sistemas de Información Geográfica. Actas del VI Congreso Forestal Español, Sociedad Española de Ciencias Forestales. Vitoria, Spain, June 2013.
  • Fernández-García, J.M., Sesma-Ausejo, J., Moreno-Pardo, E, Cantero, A., Riaño, P., De Francisco, M., Mugarza, V., Mondragón, I. 2013. Modelización e incremento de la conectividad para el coleóptero saproxílico Rosalia alpina en Gipuzkoa. Actas del VI Congreso Forestal Español, Sociedad Española de Ciencias Forestales. Vitoria, Spain, June 2013.
  • Fajardo, M., Dueñas, M.A., López-Tirado, J., Carrasco, J.M, Hidalgo, P. 2013. Análisis de la fragmentación en los Montes de Alto Valor de Conservación de ENCE de la provincia de Huelva desde el punto de vista de la ecología del paisaje Actas del VI Congreso Forestal Español, Sociedad Española de Ciencias Forestales.
  • Valero, E., Picos, J., García-Córdoba, J., Álvarez-Bermúdez, X., Lagos, L. 2013. Análisis de la conectividad de la Red Gallega de Espacios Protegidos: aplicación a la Cuenca del río Eume y su entorno. Actas del VI Congreso Forestal Español, Sociedad Española de Ciencias Forestales. Vitoria, Spain, June 2013.
  • González-Ávila, S., Elena-Rosselló, R., Gómez-Sanz, V. 2013. Frecuencia de incendios y conectividad del paisaje forestal. Actas del VI Congreso Forestal Español, Sociedad Española de Ciencias Forestales. Vitoria, Spain, June 2013.
  • Gil-Tena, A., Brotons, L., Fortin, M.J., Burel, F., Saura, S. 2013. Influencia de la conectividad del paisaje forestal en la reciente expansión de los pícidos en el NE de España: implicaciones para la gestión forestal sostenible. Actas del VI Congreso Forestal Español, Sociedad Española de Ciencias Forestales. Vitoria, Spain, June 2013.
  • Gil-Tena, A., De Cáceres, M., Aquilué, N., Regos, A., Villero, D., Saura, S., Brotons, L. 2013. Modelización del hábitat de Pino laricio (Pinus nigra spp salzmannii) y de los cambios en su conectividad dentro de la Red Natura 2000 en futuros escenarios de cambio climático. Actas del VI Congreso Forestal Español, Sociedad Española de Ciencias Forestales. Vitoria, Spain, June 2013.
  • Mateo-Sánchez, M.C., Cushman, S., San Miguel, A., Saura, S. 2013. Mejora de la calidad y conectividad del hábitat forestal del oso pardo en la Cordillera Cantábrica: propuesta metodológica e implicaciones de gestión. Actas del VI Congreso Forestal Español, Sociedad Española de Ciencias Forestales. Vitoria, Spain, June 2013.
  • Correa, A.C. 2012. Analysing landscape connectivity change of the Cuitzeo lake basin, México (1975-2008) as a framework for identifying potential conservation areas. IUFRO Landscape Ecology Conference "Sustaining Humans and Forests in Changing Landscapes". Concepción, Chile, November 2012.
  • Shanthala-Devi B.S., Murthy, M.S.R., Debnath, B., Jha, C.S. 2012. Role of Haray index in forest patch connectivity using Conefor Sensinode 2.2: a case study in East Godavari, Andhra Pradesh, India. OSGEO-India, FOSS4G 2012 First National Conference "Open Source Geospatial Resources to Spearhead Development and Growth". Hyderabad, October 2012.
  • García, E., Garza, V., Traba, J. 2011. Efecto de los parques eólicos sobre la conectividad de las poblaciones de alondra ricotí (Chersophilus duponti). I Congreso Ibérico sobre Energía Eólica y Conservación de la Fauna. Link.
  • Shanthala-Devi B.S., Murthy, M.S.R., Pujar, G.S., Debnath, B. 2011. Graph theory and ant colony optimization approach for forest patch connectivity analysis. ISPRS Archives XXXVIII- 8/W20; Workshop Proceedings: Earth Observation for Terrestrial Ecosystems, pp. 65-70.
  • Decout, S., Manel, S., Miaud, C., Luque, S. 2010. Connectivity and landscape patterns in human dominated landscape: a case study with the common frog Rana temporaria. Proceedings of LandMod 2010, International Conference on Integrative Landscape Modelling, Montpelier (France), 3-5 February 2010.
  • Decout, S., Manel, S., Miaud, C., Luque, S. 2010. Connectivity loss in human dominated landscape: operational tools for the identification of suitable habitat patches and corridors on amphibian's population. Proceedings of the IUFRO Landscape Ecology International Conference "Forest landscapes and global change". Bragança (Portugal), 21-27 September 2010.
  • Estreguil, C.,  Caudullo, G. 2010. Harmonized measurements of spatial pattern and connectivity: application to forest habitats in the EBONE European project. Proceedings of the IUFRO Landscape Ecology International Conference "Forest landscapes and global change". Bragança (Portugal), 21-27 September 2010.
  • Pietsch, M., Krämer, M. 2009. Analyse der Verbundsituation von Habitaten und –strukturen unter Verwendung graphentheoretischer Ansätze am Beispiel dreier Zielarten, in Strobl/Blaschke/Griesebner (Hrsg.): Angewandte Geoinformatik 2009, Herbert Wichmann Verlag, Heidelberg, S. 564-573.
  • Sacco, A., Tellini-Florenzano, G., Mairota, P. 2009. Functional connectivity for silvogenesis in Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Miller) plantations as a base towards an effective landscape biodiversity strategy in southern Apulia (Italy). In: Catchpole, R., Smithers, R., Baarda, P., Eycott, A. (Eds), Ecological Networks: Science and Practice. Proceedings of the 16th Annual IALE (UK) Conference (Edinburgh). pp. 47-55.
  • Gómez-Manzanedo, M., Roig, S., Reque, J.A. 2009. Estructura forestal y conectividad del hábitat del urogallo cantábrico en su distribución oriental. Proceedings of the 5º Congreso Forestal Español. (Ávila, Spain). 8 pp.
  • Fu, W., Liu S.L., Dong Y.H., Zhang, Z.L. 2009. Effect of Road Networks on Regional Landscape. In: Li, S.C., Wang Y.J., Cao F.X., Huang P., Zhang, Y. (Eds.), Progress in Environmental Science and Technology Vol II, part A. Proceedings of the 2009 International Symposium on Environmental Science and Technology (Shanghai, China). pp. 114-119.
  • D'Alessandro, E., Carranza, M.L., Saura, S., Loy, A., Cianfrani, C. 2008. Analisi della connettività tra bacini idrografici: il caso della lontra (Lutra lutra) in Italia. XVII Congresso Nazionale de la Società Italiana di Ecologia (Parma, Italy).
  • Scolozzi, R. 2008. Analisi della frammentazione a scala locale: stima dell'effeto barriera basata su pareri esperti. Proceedings of the X Congresso Nazionale SIEP-IALE (Bari, Italy). pp. 307-314.
  • García, E., Garza, V., Traba, J. 2011. Efecto de los parques eólicos sobre la conectividad de las poblaciones de alondra ricotí (Chersophilus duponti). I Congreso Ibérico sobre Energía Eólica y Conservación de la Fauna. Link.

Applications related to official reports on biodiversity indicators and landscape change by the European Commission, the European Environmental Agency and the United Nations (UNECE-FAO):

  • European Environmental Agency. 2009. Progress towards the European 2010 biodiversity target - indicator factsheets (compendium to EEA report 4/2009). European Environmental Agency technical report 5/2009. ISSN 1725-2237. The Conefor application is reported in page 41 of this report. Additional maps and details resulting from this connectivity assessment can be viewed at the European Forest Data Centre Map Viewer of the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission (go to Forest pattern query -> Changes in time -> Change of forest connectivity). The methodological background is described in Saura et al. (2010, Ecological Indicators).
  • European Environmental Agency. 2010. Fragmentation of natural and semi-natural areas (SEBI 013) - Assessment published May 2010. Available at http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/fragmentation-of-natural-and-semi/fragmentation-of-natural-and-semi/view. The Conefor application is reported in Figure 4 of this assessment.
  • European Environmental Agency. 2010. Bodiversity: 10 messages for 2010. Forest Ecosystems. Available here. The Conefor application can be found in Maps 2 and 3 (pages 9 and 10) of the pdf report.
  • Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2011. State of Europe's Forests 2011: Status & Trends in Sustainable Forest Management in Europe. Available at http://www.foresteurope.org/filestore/foresteurope/Publications/pdf/Forest_Europe_report_2011_web.pdf. The Conefor application can be found in pages 84-87 of this report.
  • Estreguil, C., Caudullo, G., de Rigo, D., San Miguel, J. 2012. Forest Landscape in Europe: Pattern, Fragmentation and Connectivity. Joint Research Centre Scientific and Policy Reports. European Commission. Luxembourg, Publications Office of the European Union. Available here
  • Arnell, A.P., Belle, E. and Burgess, N.D. 2014. Assessment of Protected Area Connectivity in West Africa. UNEP-WCMC technical report. The United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Available here.
  • Estreguil, C., Caudullo, G., San Miguel, J. 2013. Connectivity of Natura 2000 Forest Sites. Joint Research Centre Scientific and Policy Reports. European Commission. Luxembourg, Publications Office of the European Union. Available here.

Other types of applications:

  • Some features and analytical capabilities of Conefor have been implemented in the Guidos software package developed by Peter Vogt at the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission: see the wesbite at http://forest.jrc.ec.europa.eu/download/software/guidos. In this way Guidos is able to quantify the contribution to structural connectivity of the nodes (core areas) and structural corridors (bridges) that are identified by this software package as resulting from a morphological spatial pattern analysis (MSPA) of the landscape. The individual importance of these elements for structural connectivity is evaluated in Guidos through the PC index, as related to one of the four connectivity scenarios described in Saura et al. (2011). Guidos also generates the node and connection files that correspond to the network of MSPA-identified landscape elements exactly in the format required as an input for Conefor, which allows to make other more detailed connectivity analyses of these MSPA networks through the wider set of Conefor functionalities if needed.
  • Conefor has been applied to characterize the connectivity and related biodiversity indicators of the forest habitats defined for the biodiversity study in the Third Spanish National Forest Inventory (3NFI), as reported in numerous 3NFI provincial publications by the Spanish Ministry of Environment (http://www.magrama.gob.es/es/biodiversidad/servicios/banco-datos-naturaleza/informacion-disponible/ifn3.aspx). These paper publications can be found at http://www.magrama.gob.es/es/biodiversidad/servicios/banco-datos-naturaleza/informacion-disponible/publicacion_papel_ifn3.aspx
  • Conefor has been used by the Spanish Ministry of Environment to evaluate the impacts of Spanish transport infrastructure on ecological connectivity and to identify locations where to mitigate its barrier effect. These analysis and results are included in the following book: Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente. 2014. Identificación de áreas a desfragmentar para reducir los impactos de las infraestructuras lineales de transporte en la biodiversidad. Documentos para la reducción de la fragmentación de hábitats causada por infraestructuras de transporte, número 6. Ministerio de Agriclutura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente, Madrid, Spain. ISBN: 978-84-491-1326-0. Available here.